Definition : Wearing away of the top layer of skin.
Term : Abscess
Definition : Accumulation of pus anywhere on the body.
Term : Absorb
Definition : To take in through skin or intestines.
Term : Access
Definition : The ease & ability to get needed medical care and services, determined by components such as availability to the patient, availability of insurance, the location of health care facilities, transportation, hours of operation, affordability and cost.
Term : Accreditation
Definition : Means having a seal of approval, having met certain quality standards. Private, nationally recognized groups that check on the quality of care & service at health care facilities and organizations set these standards.
Term : ACS
Definition : Alternative Community-Based Services
Term : ACT/LAW/STATUTE
Definition : Term for legislation that passed through Congress and was signed by the President or passed over his veto. On a state or municipality level, these are regulatory terms that passed through the Legislature (House and Senate) and/or through City Councils.
Term : Acupressure
Definition : Application of pressure on points of the body.
Term : Acupuncture
Definition : Inserting of needles to reduce pain on the body.
Term : Acute
Definition : A measure of the time scale of a disease.
Term : Acute Care
Definition : Hospital care given to patients who generally require a stay of up to seven days and that focuses on a physical or mental condition requiring immediate intervention and constant medical attention, equipment and personnel.
Term : Acute illness
Definition : A disease with an abrupt onset and short course.
Term : ADA
Definition : American Disabilities Act
Term : Additional Benefits
Definition : Health care services not covered by Medicare and/or your insurance company and reductions in premiums or cost sharing for insurance-covered services. Additional benefits can also be different for each insurance plan offered to its beneficiaries.
Definition : The union of two opposing tissue surfaces.
Term : ADL (Activities of Daily Living)
Definition : Activities performed as part of a person's daily routine of self-care such as getting in and out of bed, bathing, dressing, toileting and eating.
Term : Administrative Costs
Definition : Costs related to activities such as utilization review, marketing, medical underwriting, commissions, premium collection, claims processing, insurer profit, quality assurance, and risk management for purposes of insurance.
Term : Adverse effect
Definition : A harmful or abnormal result.
Term : Adverse reaction
Definition : An unexpected or dangerous reaction.
Term : Aerosol
Definition : 1.In general, a fine mist or spray which contains minute particles.
2.In medicine, a spray administered by a nebulizer and inhaled for treatment.
Term : AFC (Adult Foster Care)
Definition : A licensed,Residential care site within a community, either privately or publically-owned, that provides a variety of special support and social services to functionally impaired adults in adult foster care homes.
Term : Affective Disorder ( Seasonal) SAD
Definition : Depression that tends to occur in fall and winter.
Term : After Care
Definition : Services following hospitalization or rehab.
Term : ALJ (Administrative Law Judge)
Definition : A hearings officer who presides over appeal conflicts between providers of services, or beneficiaries, and Medicare contractors. The ALJ is the initial trier of fact and decision maker. Also known as "hearing examiner or officer" or "trial examiner".
Term : Allergen
Definition : A foreign substance that causes allergic reactions.
Term : Allergy
Definition : A reaction to a foreign substance in the body.
Term : Alternative Medicine
Definition : Non-standard medical treatments.
Term : Alzheimer's Disease
Definition : A progressive neurological disease of the brain that leads to irreversible loss of neurons and dementia. Clinical hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease are progressive impairment in memory, judgement, decision making, or orientation to physical surroundings.
Term : Ambulatory
Definition : Not bed-ridden or hospitalized.
Term : Ancillary Services
Definition : Professional services by a hospital or other inpatient health program. These may include X-ray, drug, laboratory or other services.
Term : ANCP or APN (Advanced Nurse Care Practitioner)
Definition : A registered nurse who has met advanced educational and clinical practice requirements and is approved by the Board of Nursing to practice nursing in a specified area of advanced nursing practice.
Term : Anemia
Definition : Having a lower than normal red blood cell count.
Term : Anesthesia
Definition : The loss of feeling or pain from medication.
Term : Aneurysm
Definition : A widening or arteries,veins or the heart.
Term : Angina
Definition : Chest pain due to inadequate oxygen to the heart.
Term : Anomaly
Definition : Something unusual, different, peculiar or abnormal. A congenital anomaly is something unusual present at birth.
Term : Anorexia
Definition : An eating disorder characterized by markedly reduced appetite or total aversion to food. Anorexia is a serious psychological disorder. It is a condition that goes well beyond out-of-control dieting.
Term : Antioxidant
Definition : Any substance that reduces oxidative damage.
Term : Antiseptic
Definition : The absence of micro-organisms
Term : Anxiety
Definition : A feeling of apprehension or fear characterized by physical symptoms such as palpitations, sweating, and feelings of stress. Anxiety disorders are serious medical illnesses that affect aproximately 19 million American adults.
Term : Aorta
Definition : The largest heart artery in the body.
Term : Aphasia
Definition : Aphasia is a language disorder that is either partial or complete and results from injury or disease damage to portions of the brain that are responsible for language. It impairs the ability to speak, write or understand spoken or written language.
Term : Apnea
Definition : The absence of breathing during sleep.
Term : Apraxia
Definition : Inability to execute motor movement
Term : APS (Adult Protection Services)
Definition : Social service interventions for impaired adults at risk of abuse, neglect or exploitation.
Term : ARC (Formerly Assn. for Retarded Citizens)
Definition : An advocacy organization for persons with developmental disabilities.
Term : AROM (Active Range Of Motion)
Definition : The ability of a joint to go through all its normal movements. Range-of-motion exercises help increase or maintain flexibility and movement in muscles, tendons, ligaments, and joints. Active ROM is movement controlled by the patient.
Term : Arthritis
Definition : Inflammation of a joint.
Term : Arthroscopic
Definition : Refers to a surgical technique whereby a doctor inserts a tube-like instrument into the joint to inspect, diagnose and repair tissues. It is most commonly used on patients with diseases of the knees or shoulders.
Term : Aspiration
Definition : The use of a needle to remove fluid and cells.
Term : Asthma
Definition : Chronic inflammation of the bronchial tubes leading to the lungs.
Term : Ataxia
Definition : Wobbly, uncoordinated and unsteady movements due to the brain's failure to regulate the body's posture and regulate the strength and direction of limb movements.
Term : Atrophy
Definition : Wasting of muscle, decrease in mass.
Term : Attending Physician
Definition : The doctor responsible for a patient's care.
Term : Audiologist
Definition : Performs duties related to speech and hearing.
Term : Autism
Definition : A spectrum of Neuropsychiatric disorders characterized by deficits in social interaction and communication.